In 2011, voters in Portland, Maine elected their mayor with ranked choice voting. Turnout was 40% higher than election officials projected and the winner was elected with 56% of the vote in the final round. 41% of voters thought there was less negative campaigning, 45% felt more inclined to vote for their favorite candidate and 39% did more homework on the candidates. Cities and counties across the United States use ranked choice voting. Governments around the world use ranked choice voting in national elections, including Australia and Ireland. Ranked ballots are recommended by Roberts’ Rules of Order and are used by hundreds of private associations across the United States and around the world.