LD 1083, “An Act To Implement Ranked-choice Voting for Presidential Primary and General Elections in Maine,” has been introduced by Senate President Troy Jackson (D-Allagash). This landmark legislation would replace Maine's caucus with a primary for the presidential nominating process and expand our state's first-in-the-nation Ranked Choice Voting law to include both the primary and general elections for President of the United States.
“Senator Jackson’s bill is the solution for the crowded 2020 Democratic presidential primary and the three-way general election for President of the United States. Maine can lead the way in changing the way we elect the next President of the United States with urgent action on Senator Jackson’s bill to expand this voter-approved reform.” - Kyle Bailey, Campaign Manager for The Committee for Ranked Choice Voting 2020.
Ranked Choice Voting is simple, fair and easy. Voters have the freedom to rank candidates in order of individual preference. Ballots are counted in rounds where last-place candidates lose until one candidate reaches a majority and wins.
In 6 out of the last 15 presidential elections, winners received less than a majority in races where one or more candidates were labeled as “spoilers.” LD 1083 would not change Maine’s proportional allocation of Electoral College votes by congressional district. It would simply require that the winner be determined by RCV.
Timeline of Ranked Choice Voting in Maine
- On November 8, 2016, a majority of Maine voters approved Question 5 to adopt Ranked Choice Voting at the ballot box in the second largest referendum vote by the people in our state’s history, and it became enacted law.
- On October 23, 2017, a majority in the Maine Legislature disregarded the will of the people and repealed the people’s Ranked Choice Voting law in a special late-night session.
- On February 2, 2018, Maine people collected more than 80,000 signatures in 88 days to place a People’s Veto on the June 12, 2018 ballot to protect the people’s Ranked Choice Voting law.
- On June 12, 2018, Maine people stood up to the politicians in Augusta and approved Question 1, the People’s Veto to protect Ranked Choice Voting. Maine voters also made history by being the first in the nation to use Ranked Choice Voting in a statewide primary election.
- On November 6, 2018, Maine voters became the first in the nation to use Ranked Choice Voting in a statewide general election for U.S. Senate and U.S. House.